Tooth discoloration occurs when yellow tints or white streaks appear on the surface of the teeth. You may also notice black pits. The discoloration is classified into three categories:
Extrinsic discoloration affects the outer layer of the tooth, the enamel. Intrinsic discoloration affects the inner part of the tooth called the dentin. On the other hand, age-related discoloration involves intrinsic and extrinsic discoloration.
This happens because the enamel becomes thinner while the dentin naturally turns yellow with age. As a result, the dentin will turn yellow. You can easily identify discoloration even without using special tools. There are numerous causes of tooth discoloration.
One of the biggest culprits is food and drinks. Some of the foods that can easily lead to tooth staining include berries and tomatoes. Your mother must have told you that sugary foods and candy may cause the yellowing of your teeth. In a way, she was right.
This is because the high sugar content in foods and simple carbohydrates can attract bacteria and lead to discoloration. Another common cause of tooth discoloration is colored beverages, including coffee and red wine. Some medications have also been found to be a major cause of the problem.
Some studies have shown that antibiotics can turn your teeth gray-brown. For example, tetracycline leads to the darkening of the teeth for children under eight years. Antihistamines are also believed to increase the risk of teeth staining among users.
Therefore, consult your healthcare provider about the potential side effects of using your current medications. According to some researchers, some medical complications that affect the enamel have been identified as common causes of discolored teeth.
If a disease causes the problem, you will notice brown stains. How do you get rid of the stains?
10 Ways To Whiter Teeth
Here are the 10 natural tips for you:
1) Limit Your Intake of Colored Drinks
The trick is not nearly as fun as most whitening options. However, one of the simplest ways to get whiter teeth is to avoid staining in the first place. Coffee, black tea, and dark soda can easily stain your teeth in the long run. What about the juice you make on your way to your office?
People often take colored drinks while on the go and rarely brush afterward. As a result, the resulting pigment stays on their teeth. One of the things you can do to avoid staining from such drinks is using a straw.
2) Use Baking Soda
Yes, it’s true. Some studies have shown that baking soda is an effective home remedy for tooth discoloration. Baking soda is a white, crystalline powder that contains bicarbonate and sodium ions. It has an alkaline taste. It whitens the teeth due to its alkaline nature.
Additionally, baking soda has mild abrasiveness, which helps prevent the accumulation of plaque on the tooth’s surface. Many people opt for baking soda to whiten teeth because it’s an affordable option. Make a mixture of baking soda and water.
Put about three grams of the powder in a cup and add some water to form a paste. If you make a mixture of two parts baking soda and 1 part water, it is easier to apply on the teeth and gives better results than baking soda alone. Some people use fruit juices such as lemon and strawberry instead of water, which are acidic and can damage the enamel.
Apply the solution on your teeth for about two minutes in circular motions and ensure you brush all around. Note that you may hurt your teeth if you brush too hard. Alternatively, apply the paste on your teeth using your fingertips. If you choose this method, avoid using excessive force.
Avoid using the paste on the base of your teeth and around your gums. Once you are done, spit out the solution and rinse your mouth using water or mouthwash. Also, rinse your toothbrush. Repeat the exercise daily for about two weeks. Applying baking soda doesn’t mean you should stop using your regular toothpaste.
3) Hydrogen Peroxide
Hydrogen peroxide is a popular antiseptic among many homeowners. It is versatile and often used when manufacturing a range of products. For example, it is a common ingredient in teeth whitening products.
This makes many people wonder whether using hydrogen peroxide alone can be an effective remedy for discolored teeth. Peroxide can penetrate the teeth and remove the compounds that result in discoloration. The concentration of hydrogen peroxide in most drug stores can be as high as 10%.
Some dentists may recommend using products with hydrogen peroxide concentration of up to 40%. Some users believe that high concentrations can cause adverse side effects, such as tooth sensitivity and enamel damage. However, this is not always the case.
According to some researchers, the duration the products spend in the mouth is crucial. Some reports have shown that lower concentration hydrogen peroxide may have more side effects.
The risk of damaging the teeth while using the product increases if you leave it in contact with the teeth for extended periods or applying it more than once daily. Ensure you consult a professional dentist before you use hydrogen peroxide. One of the most common side effects is tooth sensitivity.
4) Apple Cider Vinegar
For generations, it is used as a home remedy for many health problems. It is also recommended for teeth whitening. Before you start using it to get whiter teeth, you need to have enough information to make an informed decision.
Some studies have revealed that the acidity in vinegar can damage the enamel. During a 2014 study where enamel was immersed in vinegar, researchers noted significant mineral loss after a few hours.
However, the study did not consider the natural buffer that saliva provides against acidity. In 2012, researchers concluded that tooth wear within a subject was caused by the daily intake of apple cider vinegar to lose weight.
You can find many credible resources suggesting the effectiveness of the product in tooth whitening. It can be used by diluting with water or mixing it with other oral products. Some researchers found that apple vinegar has bleaching properties. However, then can also damage the surface of the teeth.
5) Make Some Dietary Changes
Many people aware of foods that can cause tooth discoloration. However, many of them are often surprised to hear that some diets are effective solutions. Some studies have also shown that some foods offer more oral benefits.
One of the additions you should consider in your diet is strawberries. The fruits have an enzyme known as malic acid, which is believed to be effective in getting rid of stains and whitening. You can also mix baking soda and strawberries to make a paste.
Once you have applied the paste, let it sit for about five minutes, rinse with water, and brush your teeth. You should also consider eating more carrots and apples. If you take crunchy fruits and vegetables, saliva production will increase and prevent the buildup of food debris and harmful bacteria.
As a result, your teeth will become whiter. Pineapples contain a protein that’s commonly used by toothpaste manufacturers to get rid of stains. Taking a single piece of pineapple after a meal can help to deliver the benefits directly.
6) Oil Pulling
The practice originated in India. Many medical professionals recommend coconut oil pulling and believe it’s effective for teeth whitening and preventing the buildup of bacteria. There are numerous testimonials of people who have used this method to make their teeth whiter.
One recent report revealed that coconut oil pulling is as effective as some mouthwash products in reducing plaque. Some experts argue that there lacks adequate information about the potential benefits and side effects of oil pulling.
One review on oil pulling literature identified more than 20 related studied but concluded that most of the studies were unreliable due to small sample sizes. The reviewers maintained there was a need to conduct more trials about the subject. Some users have reported a few side effects. If you are concerned with this, we recommend a home teeth whitening kit at Target.
7) Fruit Peels
There are many minerals in some fruits, and their peels have led some people to believe that the peels have teeth whitening properties. They claim that you just need to rub the inner side of the peel on stained teeth for a few minutes.
The supporters of the argument believe that rubbing the teeth with fruits daily for a few weeks will result in a brighter smile. Some of the most commonly used peels are oranges and bananas. Some online platforms claim banana peels work when it comes to teeth whitening.
However, there are no scientific studies to evaluate their effectiveness. The American Dental Association does not offer an opinion about using banana peels in teeth whitening.
Orange peels have a natural solvent that gives them their citrus flavor. A 2010 study showed toothpaste that contains the solvent in orange peels are more effective in removing stains on teeth.
8) Turmeric Powder
Can the yellow powder really whiten your teeth? This may sound strange as it tends to cause stains on everything. Some researchers have found out that the trick actually works! At first, when you apply the product, the teeth will turn yellow, but they will become whiter after rinsing.
The use of turmeric powder as a teeth whitening option is common in India and China. It is also believed to be effective in healing gum infections. One of the reasons for its popularity is that it is 100% natural, unlike many commercial whitening products.
Form a paste using turmeric powder and water. Once it’s ready, deep your regular toothbrush into the paste and brush your teeth. Allow the product to sit for about 10 minutes to ensure its effectiveness. Finally, spit it out and brush again using regular toothpaste.
9) It’s Time to Quit Smoking
You must be aware that smoking causes the yellowing of the teeth. The teeth contain pores, just like the skin. Nicotine is the cause of the yellow color. Another major cause of tooth discoloration among smokers is tar and other residues.
When the tar penetrates the enamel through the pores, you will notice the yellowing. Another reason why smokers may have yellow teeth is that nicotine is believed to reduce saliva production. When chewing tobacco, a mixture of saliva and brown tobacco results in a dark-brown liquid, which stains the teeth.
10) Activated Charcoal
It is similar to the charcoal you use in your fireplace. However, it is designed for medical purposes. How does activated charcoal whiten the teeth? When the charcoal sticks on the teeth, it is removed, and when this is done, it takes the plaque with it.
As a result, you will have whiter teeth. One of the drawbacks of using this teeth whitening method is that it may not work for deeply stained or naturally discolored teeth. In such cases, more drastic measures may be necessary. A dentist can recommend the ideal treatment.